You are here

Goddesses Refusing to Appear? Reconsidering the Late Minoan III Figures with Upraised Arms

Goddesses Refusing to Appear? Reconsidering the Late Minoan III Figures with Upraised Arms

118.3

Large wheelmade terracotta figures with upraised arms, found together with typical cultic equipment, are characteristic of Cretan Postpalatial bench sanctuaries. It is generally assumed that these figures represent one or more deities and were used as cult images. Past and recent excavations on Crete illustrate a series of contexts that contain cultic equipment but lack such a figure with upraised arms. Most of these contexts date to Late Minoan (LM) IIIA–B and are found within larger building complexes that have potential communal functions. These complexes contrast with the contexts where the figures with upraised arms are found, which are freestanding public buildings and date to LM IIIB–C. This evolution suggests a change in the dynamics of and practices in cult spaces, an evolution that is here regarded as socially relevant. Within this framework, the figures with upraised arms are reconsidered as symbolic representations of votaries within the context of elite competition, rather than as cult images or cult statues.

Region:

Goddesses Refusing to Appear? Reconsidering the Late Minoan III Figures with Upraised Arms

By Florence Gaignerot-Driessen

American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 118, No. 3 (July 2014), pp. 489–520

DOI: 10.3764/aja.118.3.0489

© 2014 Archaeological Institute of America

Articles


Cult, Continuity, and Social Memory: Mycenaean Eleusis and the Transition to the Early Iron Age
(pp. 401–427)
Includes Open Access Supplementary Content
Michael B. Cosmopoulos

Making the Lion Gate Relief at Mycenae: Tool Marks and Foreign Influence
(pp. 451–488)
Includes Open Access Supplementary Content
Nicholas G. Blackwell

Print Review Articles


Two Recent Books on Ancient Scripts
(pp. 521–525)
John G. Younger

Book Reviews


The Gurob Ship-Cart Model and Its Mediterranean Context
Open Access
Reviewed by Assaf Yasur-Landau

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology
Open Access
Reviewed by Garth Gilmour

Reconstructing Ancient Linen Body Armor: Unraveling the Linothorax Mystery
Open Access
Reviewed by Raimon Graells i Fabregat

Empire, Authority, and Autonomy in Achaemenid Anatolia
Open Access
Reviewed by Catherine M. Draycott

The Aphrodisias Regional Survey
Open Access
Reviewed by John F. Cherry

The Marble Reliefs from the Julio-Claudian Sebasteion
Open Access
Reviewed by Andrew Stewart

Le origini degli Etruschi: Storia, archeologia, antropologia
Open Access
Reviewed by Eóin O’Donoghue

Portraits of Children on Roman Funerary Monuments
Open Access
Reviewed by Sinclair Bell

Books Received