Archaeology in Jordan, 2012 and 2013 Seasons

Glenn J. Corbett, Donald R. Keller, Barbara A. Porter, and Christopher A. Tuttle

The 2014 edition of the “Archaeology in Jordan” newsletter presents short reports on selected archaeological projects conducted during 2012 and 2013 in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Reports are generally organized geographically, starting with the eastern panhandle and then moving from north to south.

Includes Supplementary Open Access Content

The Bronze Mice of Apollo Smintheus

Philip Kiernan

Hellenistic-Roman bronze mouse statuettes have traditionally been connected to the god Apollo Smintheus, who appears in the opening scenes of the Iliad and who was venerated in Asia Minor. A careful examination of their findspots and the dating of the statuettes show that this association is erroneous. In fact, the mouse statuettes were attached to bronze oil lamps, candelabra, lampstands, and other pieces of furniture.

Africa in the Roman Empire: Connectivity, the Economy, and Artificial Port Structures

David L. Stone

The relationship between connectivity and economic activity is a subject of current debate in Mediterranean archaeology, and recent scholarship has shown the significance of this topic for North African studies. This article approaches the issue through a body of evidence that has hitherto been overlooked: artificial port structures, such as jetties, quays, enclosures, and breakwaters. I identify 29 definite, and 16 possible, structures between Cyrenaica and Mauretania Tingitana dating between the fourth century B.C.E. and the sixth century C.E.

Divination and Sovereignty: The Late Bronze Age Shrines at Gegharot, Armenia

Adam T. Smith and Jeffrey F. Leon

The advent of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1500–1250 B.C.E.) on the Tsaghkahovit Plain in central Armenia witnessed the establishment of a series of hilltop fortresses following a 900-year hiatus in regional occupation. These new settlements testify to the emergence of a South Caucasian political tradition founded on the regularization of radical inequality, centralizing practices of economic redistribution, and new institutions of rule.

A Horse-Bridle Piece with Carpatho-Danubian Connections from Late Helladic I Mitrou and the Emergence of a Warlike Elite in Greece During the Shaft Grave Period

Joseph Maran and Aleydis Van de Moortel

In this article, a horse-bridle toggle from a final Late Helladic I context in elite Building H at Mitrou is identified on the basis of its form and decoration as an object with close ties to the Carpatho-Danubian zone. In a stage of reworking the toggle was provided with serrated edges, which suggests an association with the introduction of the light horse-drawn chariot. This find helps reconstruct a long-distance trade route from the Carpatho-Danubian zone via the Euboean Gulf to southern Greece.